Clean Energy Solutions
Vanadium is the main component (both cathode and anode) of the VRFB and VanadiumCorp has the security of supply in strategic mineral resources and 100% owned proprietary green and efficient recovery technology. Through strategic alliances, VanadiumCorp is participating in advancements pertaining to VRFB architecture and electrolyte chemistries. This strategy is aimed at facilitating the commercialization of proven VRFB technology, which is the fastest-growing application for vanadium today.
Filling VRFB System with Green Electrolyte in the EU
Final VRFB Commissioning in the EU
Remote Battery Management & Electronics in the EU
High-Density Electrolyte & Next Generation VRFB Development
CENELEST & VanadiumCorp at the forefront of R&D
New High-Density Electrolyte For Next Generation Redox Flow Battery Systems
Extensive testing started in 2019 with VanadiumCorp and CENELEST, the German-Australian Alliance for Electrochemical Technologies for Storage of Renewable Energy. The tri-lateral, VanadiumCorp, Fraunhofer ICT, University of New South Wales “UNSW” mandate is focused on achieving a higher energy density vanadium electrolyte and successful operation in an advanced vanadium redox flow battery cell.
CENELEST research and development with VanadiumCorp is taking place at both UNSW in Sydney, Australia and Fraunhofer Institute for Chemical Technology “ICT” in Germany, Europe. (Pictured Above)
Zero-Emission Marine Vessels
Powered by Next-Generation Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries
Commercial development work has commenced for the first phase of key design and engineering of next-generation vanadium redox flow-battery systems (“VRFB Battery”) for marine propulsion applications.
This work is part of a multi-phase development schedule that forms the basis of definitive agreements required to officialize a trilateral partnership with Conoship International Projects BV (“CONOSHIP”) from the Netherlands and Vega Reederei and PartnersGmbH (“VEGA”) from Germany targeting Zero-Emission shipping markets with next-generation redox flow batteries.
Research & Development Partners & Network
Electrolyte & VRFB Objectives
VanadiumCorp is focused on six key areas of innovation with an emphasis on performances:
- Energy density – Increasing the energy density threshold for mobile and stationary applications, only contemplated by lithium-ion
- Power density – Close to double the power density achieved compared to conventional VRFB technology
- Cost Reduction – Green & efficient recovery of vanadium & rental of the vanadium electrolyte dramatically reducing the cost of the entire VRFB system
- Performance – Higher efficiencies achieved through advanced materials and proprietary expertise
- Sustainability (1st level) – Vanadium produced using 100% wholly-owned green process technology
- Sustainability (2nd level) – Vanadium electrolyte allows for infinite re-use
2021 Objective – Secure partnerships with industry and government supporting the production of electrolyte and VRFB deployment
Vanadium Redox Flow Battery “VRFB” 101
(Click Image to Open Slideshow)
The Vanadium Redox Flow Battery
The VRFB is a type of rechargeable flow battery where rechargeability is provided by vanadium electrolyte (VE) dissolved in solution. The two tanks of Vanadium, one side containing V2+ and V3+ ions, the other side containing V4+ and V5+ ions, are separated by a thin proton exchange membrane. VRFBs consists of two tanks of vanadium electrolyte that flow adjacent to each other past a membrane and generate a charge by moving electrons back and forth during charging and discharging. This battery offers unlimited energy capacity simply by using larger electrolyte storage tanks. It can be left completely charged for long periods without losing capacity and maintenance is much simpler than other batteries. Pumps on both sides circulate the electrolyte.
The electron differential between the two cells generates electric power. Most batteries use two chemicals that change valence (or charge or redox state) and cross-contaminate and thus degrade over time. VRFBs utilize multiple valence states of vanadium as a single element to store and release charge. The VRFB has no cross-contamination like most batteries. The electrolyte in the catholyte and the anolyte consists of 100% vanadium ions. The ion-sensitive membrane separating both sides of the electrolyte tank allows only protons to pass. VRFBs are containerized, long duration, non-flammable, compact, reusable over infinite cycles, and last more than 20 years.
What are the advantages of Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries?
- VRFBs have a lifespan of 20+ years
- VRFBs offer immediate energy release
- VRFBs are suitable for grid connection or off-grid settings – ideal for renewable energy
- VRFBs can discharge 100%, without any damage to the battery
- VRFBs are non-flammable
- They ensure power and energy can be scaled independently
- Vanadium electrolyte can be re-used and does not need to be disposed of
- The batteries can be cycled more than once per day
- They use only one element in electrolyte – V2O5
- VRFB energy storage guarantees uninterrupted power supply
How does a Vanadium Redox Flow battery (VRFB) work?
- A flow battery is charged and discharged by a reversible reduction-oxidation reaction between the two liquid vanadium electrolytes of the battery
- Unlike conventional batteries, electrolytes are stored in separated storage tanks, not in the power cell of the battery
- During operation, these electrolytes are pumped through a stack of power cells, in which an electrochemical reaction takes place and electricity is produced
(Click Image to Open Video)
VRFB Technology Is No Longer A Niche Market
Energy storage is a new disruptive trend. It basically involves storing energy that can later be harnessed for electricity to power our homes, our cars – our future. Energy storage is growing fast as it complements the renewable energy sectors of wind and solar. It is estimated that the market for flow batteries will grow from $230.2 million to $946.3 million by 2023.
Capacity 60 MWh
Power 15 MW (30 MW max)
Grid application for short and long term
UET / Rongke
Snohomish County, WA, USA
Grid application with Public Utility
Dalian City, China ( 8 Million People )
200MW/ 800 MWh and growing
Peak power, Grid support, black-start
8% of Dalian’s peak power
California State, USA
4 Project Sites
Paired with wind and solar generation
Hubei Zaoyang, China
2GW of orders underway
10 MW-40MWh total
Solar photovoltaic integration
Energy Superhub Oxford, UK
World’s largest hybrid system